Friday, September 26, 2014

Epiphany In Eastern And Western Christianity

Epiphany In Eastern And Western Christianity
By Rev. George Dion. Dragas Ph.D., D.D.

1. THE Holiday OF EPIPHANY. On the 6th of January Eastern Level and Western Christians influential the deep-seated Holiday of Epiphany (Western) or Theophany (Eastern). This Holiday introduced a new term of liturgical celebration, which is unmoving with us - a celebration that goes aver back to Christian beginnings and opens up the meaning of the Christian good name and tradition.

Epiphany (from the Greek "epiphaneia") device "protest rally from snooty," that is, "divine show." The Christian festival of the Epiphany key entails the protest rally of God in Christ, Christ human being manifested as the Son of God and God as the Trinity of the Mother and the Son and the Sacred Joie de vivre.

When is the debate of this manifestation? Or, putting it before, what is the basic chance (or happenings) that lies at the source of this divine protest rally (Theophany)? Today's practices of Eastern and Western Christianity table to afford different answers to the snooty questions. How different are they?

2. THE EASTERN AND WESTERN Conduct. The Eastern Epiphany celebrates the Identification of Christ in the Ditch Jordan by John the Baptist or "Precursor" (in Greek "Prodromos") as the chance of the protest rally of Christ as the Son of God and its answer, the protest rally of God in Trinity, and moreover as the chance that marks the beginning of Christ's miserly occupation. This is thoroughly revealed in the service of the Deafening Blessing of the Waters ("Megas Agiasmos"), which is meaningful of Christ's Identification and constitutes a prominent pledge of the Eastern celebration.

The Western Epiphany celebrates the love of the modern Christ by the shrewd Oriental Magi as the chance that marks the protest rally of the supernatural being of Christ to the "nations." Very while medieval mature, Western Christianity developed an decorate tradition sphere-shaped these Oriental records - swindling their copy to three and identifying them with three kings, called Melchior, Gaspar and Balthasar - a tradition that included the re-discovery of their bodies at the Priestly of St. Eustorgio in Milan (1158), everywhere they had been transferred from Constantinople in the 4th century, and their re-transference and evidence in Aroma Cathedral by Frederick Barbarossa (1164).

3.Disagreement OR Private APPROACHES? This divergence routinely raises a copy of questions, whichever earlier and theological, to which liturgists hold provided not the same answers. Better all it raises the slipup whether it implies any contradiction? I receive that give to is no exclusion display, having the status of whichever carousing lead to the extraordinarily over-arching truth: the divine protest rally of Christ and its answer, the divine protest rally of the One God in Trinity.

On the other hand, it necessary be said that the way the two traditions affect Epiphany to the other Deafening Feasts of the liturgical blind date suggests a assessment of edging to the mystery of Christ and the support he bears. The Eastern tradition acquaintances Epiphany to Christ's miserly occupation and looks to Pascha and Pentecost as its unqualified and miserly outcome. The Western tradition acquaintances Epiphany to the chronological life of Christ and looks to his occupation as a measured bowl over of Christ's miserly human being.

The aspect of this thesis is not to interest in relation liturgics. It is recently to maneuver a clearer understanding of the Eastern Level and Western carousing of Epiphany. The same as these carousing do not rigorous to be devotedly traditional by organic Eastern Level and Western Christians, although they do exist in expedient contact with each other display in America. After all, the annual return of the Feasts provides a deep-seated unplanned for budding in understanding and thanks of the riches of the Christian Mythology.

4. THE EASTERN Mythology. Scholars control us that, in the Christian East, Epiphany is the oldest Holiday of the Noble future to Pascha, and was unendingly influential on the 6th of January. The outdo suggestion to Epiphany is found in Pleasant of Alexandria at the end of the add-on century AD. If Pascha discolored the summit of the miserly work of Christ, Epiphany discolored the bowl over of the divine human being of Christ who opened up the mystery of God and initiated the trickle of man's support.

Ingeniously Epiphany commemorated the Identification of Christ, his Expected human being at best included indirectly. St. John Chrysostom explains the reasons for human being so. "Why is not the day on which Christ was born called Epiphany, but the day on which he was baptized? The same as he was not manifested to all since he was born, but since he was baptized" (Hom. 24 "On the Identification of Christ"). In some chairs, calm down, not precisely the Expected but moreover some supplementary happenings from the life of Christ were included in the celebration of Epiphany (e.g. Christ's outdo awesome sight at Cana).

When is thoroughly attention-grabbing to think about is that in the prompt Christian centuries the eve of Epiphany, Pascha and Pentecost (and Christmas behind on) were the momentous occasions of Christian initiation drink Identification. The indication of this practice is today the live of the Baptismal Lament in the Forecast Liturgy influential on these days: "As patronize of you were baptized voguish Christ hold put on Christ. Alleluia."

It was in the fourth century that the Expected of Christ began to be commemorated as a separate Holiday on the 25th of December desertion Epiphany firm on Christ's Identification and influential on the 6th of January as it is unmoving today. Represent is drop that the Holiday of Christmas as a separate Holiday was outdo introduced in Rome (sphere-shaped 335) and was a little at a time adopted by the Eastern Churches (from 376 older).

5. WHY THE 6TH OF JANUARY? Why was the 6th of January singled out for Epiphany, and, why was the 25th of December introduced for the Expected of Christ behind on? Scholars reserve not the same answers. One of them tells us that according to the old Egyptian calendar the 6th of January was the day of the winter solstice, a essential day of spiritual celebration for pagans. A few pagans (above all the Egyptians) influential on this day the occupation of winter crookedness by the gigantic god-sun. Others influential the captivate and glorification of the god-emperor in a city (above all the Romans). Christians, who undoubted Christ as "the sun of uprightness" (Mal. 4:2) and the "light of the world" (John 1:9 and 8:12), replaced the exaltation of the pagan god-sun and the glorification of the god-emperor by the exaltation of Christ.

Then on the new Roman calendar to be found the winter solstice on the 25th of December and provided the not keep for singular pagan celebration. Christians found the not keep to immerse a new Holiday, Christmas, commemorating the birth of Christ, who is Emmanuel, God with us.

When is cumbersome to think about display is that the natural rarity of the occupation of winter crookedness by the sun ceased to be seen as human being divine, or as a sign of the captivate of a deified whatsoever boss. Preferably, it became an not keep for celebrating the protest rally of the true God as man, victorious the crookedness of obscurity and sin that led the upper classes to become not speaking from the true God and to exaltation the result quite than the Graphic designer.

6. THE Draw your attention OF THE Holiday. The enterprise of Christmas did not bluff the importance of Epiphany, which is denoted by the duration of its celebration. It is influential from the 2nd to the 14th of January. The 6th of January is the opening Day of the Holiday. The four days history it edifice the fore-feast ("proeortia") and the 8 days whilst it the after-feast ("metheortia"). The fore-feast is shorter having the status of of the celebration of the circumcision of Christ (8th century older) on the 1st of January (which is moreover St. Basil's festival day); but it includes an decorate celebration on the eve of the Holiday match Christmas and Pascha. The after-feast includes the Synaxis of St. John the Baptist (January 7th), the Sunday whilst Epiphany and the Interest ("Apodosis") of the Holiday (January 14th).

The solid meaning of the Holiday is revealed in the patronize and important hymns that are vocal on it and the biblical readings. Represent are two personality hymns that follow up this meaning perfectly: The "Apolytikion" and the "Kontakion." They take back how at Christ's Identification he was affirmed to be God's love Son in whom God is well gist and on whom God's Joie de vivre rests (Matth. 3:17), and how this show constitutes an chance of divine justification and gentle.

"In the role of in Jordan you were baptized, O Noble, the exaltation of the Trinity was finished exhibit. For the voice of the Mother naked highest achievement to you, work you his love Son, and the Joie de vivre, in the form of a dove, constructive the resolve of the word. O Christ, who did exhibit yourself, and who does let somebody know the world, Confusion to you." (Apolytikion) "

"You hold manifested yourself today to the whole world and Your light, O Noble, was away from home upon us, who pall you with understanding: You hold come and manifested yourself as Wishy-washy cold." (Kontakion) "

Finally, the Deafening Blessing of the waters, which is observed spitting image, on the eve and on the day of the Holiday, brings out the transmission of support. "Christ was not baptized in order to be deified but to sanctify the waters and drink them expound divine blessing to all the upper classes" (Gregory Thaumatourgos). This is immediately the gift that is settled to all whatsoever beings since they are baptized voguish Christ. Identification joins whatsoever beings to Christ, yielding them remission of sins and eternal life drink the sanctifying smoothness of God. The Sacred Pipe blessed at Epiphany is a deep-seated blessing that is ominously darling by the Level who use it to dust (re-consecrate) themselves and their physical circumstances.

7. THE WESTERN Mythology. Scholars control us that the origin of the Holiday of the Epiphany in the West are quite obscure. Represent is a equality that Epiphany was outdo introduced in the Western Priestly from the East in the fourth century about the extraordinarily time as the new Holiday of Christmas took source in the Roman Liturgy.

Epiphany was outdo documented in the West in chairs that had special transactions with the East, such as Gaul, Spain and Advanced Italy, everywhere it retained an Eastern pleased, commemorating the Expected and the Identification of Christ, gain other happenings. These traditions were distorted as the authorize of Rome amplified complete them, having the status of Rome followed singular tradition.

Epiphany was moreover observed in Rome, commemorating at outdo the Expected and the Identification of Christ, but display it came to be key coupled with the journey of the shrewd Magi to Bethlehem, above all whilst the enterprise of the Holiday of Christmas on the 25th of December. Represent is drop of this in the sermons of Pope Leo (+461).

According to one notion the band of Epiphany with the Cautious Men of the East may hold been due to the release in the fourth century of the apparent corpse of the Magi from Constantinople to Milan - a tradition that was rejuvenated in the channel ages as noted snooty. In any act, the Western Epiphany was gel as the 12th day of Christmas, i.e. the 6th of January.

Identifiable the snooty, what is the meaning of Epiphany for the Western Church? It is key the protest rally of the divine Champion Christ to the gentiles; but it is moreover the recognition of Christ by the gentiles. This uphold meaning is spoken by the way the Western Priestly interpreted the hush money of gold, frankincense and myrrh, by the shrewd Magi. On the one hand it saw these gifts as symbols of the three aspects of Christ's life, his human being king, priest and forward planner. On the other hand it re-enacted the hush money in not the same ways by instituting receive acts of hush money, to the impoverished, to the church and to the amiss.

One gains a breather skew of the Western Epiphany since he turns to the six Epiphany Sundays, which have a high regard for whilst it and lead the Western Christians to the new excitement of Lent. These Epiphany Sundays grade Christ's self protest rally 1) at the age of twelve in the Place of worship, 2) at his outdo awesome sight at Cana of Galilee, 3) at his healing of a leper and of a slave of a Roman centurion, 4) at the stilling of the downpour in the sea of Galilee for the sake of his disciples, 5) at his unassailable teaching on good and evil displayed in his story of wheat and tares and 6) on the deliberate brilliance as displayed in his story of the mustard mineral.

Represent is no doubt that whichever Eastern and Western traditions of Epiphany play a part a celebrated message: the protest rally of the divine whittle and miserly work of Christ. The assessment lies in refinement and power. The Eastern tradition seems to be additional fitting to the representing and theophanic aspect of Christ's ministry, as the Western tradition seems to be seeking to have a high regard for the earlier Jesus as he unfolds his transmission drink his actions and words. The one is additional without stopping and the other additional straight-talking. Combining the two may perhaps precisely be a firmness of pattern.


Popular Posts