"You shall store no other gods sooner than me" (Exodus 20:3).
The dash charge declares that in Israel no other god ought be worshiped in coda to Yahweh. Though the goal of the charge may store included the theory of monotheism, the words of the charge do not prohibit the incidence of other gods. The truth of monotheism, that display was no other God nonetheless Yahweh, came arrived incidence slowly in the prospect of Israel.
Henotheism is a word hand-me-down to christen the lionize of one god inadequate denying the incidence of other gods. The evolution of Israel designed in and worshiped Yahweh as their God, but they further confirmed the incidence of other gods.
Several evolution in the Outdated Usable East were polytheists. Polytheism is a style of belief in which evolution worshiped many gods. In general, most polytheistic religions are allied with the distinct aspects of character lionize. At the same time as naive civilizations did not store a strict understanding of the world in which they lived, most evolution in naive societies allied natural phenomena with the realm of the gods.
Not the same gods are mentioned in the Old Tombstone. These gods were allied with evolution who lived in the distinct nations that unworried the world of the Bible. Specified of these gods were worshiped by the evolution of Israel. According to the biblical writers, the apostasy of Israel was the mind the evolution went arrived extradition.
Below is a list of some of the gods mentioned in the Old Testament:
1. Adrammelech (2 Kings 17:31)
The name of one of the gods the evolution of Sepharvaim worshiped. The Sepharvaim were a group of evolution the Assyrians perpetual in Samaria at the rear of the fall of the Northern Native land.
2. Anammelech (2 Kings 17:31)
Unusual god of the evolution of Sepharvaim. The evolution of Sepharvaim worshiped their gods by sacrificing their children by boiling them.
3. Ashima (2 Kings 17:30)
A god worshiped by the evolution of Hamath who perpetual in Samaria at the rear of the fall of the Northern Native land.
4. Ashtoreth (1 Kings 11:5)
Ashtoreth was the goddess of the Sidonians. Ashtoreth is the name by which the Canaanite goddess Astarte is called in the Old Tombstone. She was the hide of Baal, the Canaanite tempest god.
5. Baal (Records 25:3)
Baal was the Canaanite tempest god. Baal was further allied with the fullness of the land. The word "Baal" finances "lord, other half." Several evolution in Israel worshiped Baal in his be equal with manifestations. The earliest raise of Baal in the Old Tombstone is in Rise 25:3 as soon as the evolution of Israel yoked themselves to the Baal of Peor.
6. Bel (Jeremiah 51:44)
The name by which Marduk, the god of the Babylonians, is called in the Old Tombstone. Bel appears in the Apocrypha, in the coda to the book of Daniel.
7. Chemosh (1 Kings 11:7)
The at home god of the Moabites to whom Solomon built a temple in the mountains east of Jerusalem. The author of Kings calls this god "the disgust of Moab." The Moabites were called "The evolution of Chemosh" (Records 21:29).
8. Dagon (Bench 16:23)
Dagon appears in the Old Tombstone as the god of the Philistines. The character and sort of Dagon are not very sure. Specified scholars store identified Dagon as a "quality" god in the role of others store identified him as a "bait" god. It seems that the Philistines adopted the cult of Dagon at the rear of they perpetual in the land of Canaan.
9. Kaiwan (NRSV) or Kiyyun (ESV; Amos 5:26)
Amos calls Kaiwan "your star-god." Kaiwan was an astral god worshiped by some evolution of the Northern Native land at the rear of they became vassals of the Assyrians. This god is allied with the lair Saturn.
10. Milcom (1 Kings 11:5)
Milcom is common as "the disgust of the Ammonites." He is further common as Molech. Jeremiah says that the Israelites obliging their sons and daughters as a fine to Molech by boiling them. The meaning of the name is not sure. Doubtless, the meaning of the name is minor from the word "melek," the Hebrew word for king.
11. Molech (Jeremiah 32:35)
Molech is the vastly god as Milcom better. The name Molech comes from the consonants of the word "melek, king" and the vowels of the Hebrew word "bosheth," a word that finances "dishonor."
12. Nebo (Isaiah 46:1)
The name of a Babylonian god that appears scarcely in Isaiah. The name of this god appears in the name of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon.
13. Nehushtan (2 Kings 18:4)
This was the sculpture serpent worshiped by some evolution in Judah in the days of Hezekiah. This deity was allied with the serpent Moses complete in the wilderness (Records 21:8-9).
14. Nibhaz (2 Kings 17:31)
The name of a god worshiped by the Avvites, a evolution brought to Samaria by the Assyrians.
15. Nisroch (2 Kings 19:37)
The Assyrian god worshiped by Sennacherib, king of Assyria. According to the biblical version Sennacherib was worshiping his god as soon as he was killed by his sons.
16. Rimmon (2 Kings 5:18)
A Syrian god. At the back of Naaman was cured from his leprosy and proclaimed his prospect in the God of Israel, he significant that he would static store to bow down to Rimmon when he served the king of Syria.
17. Sakkuth (NRSV) or Sikkuth (ESV; Amos 5:26)
A Babylonian deity allied with astral lionize. In the book of Amos, Sakkuth appears together with Kaiwan.
18. Succoth-benoth (2 Kings 17:30)
The name of a god worshiped by the evolution of Babylon who lived in Samaria at the rear of the Assyrians conquered the municipal of Samaria in 722 B.C.
19. Tammuz (Ezekiel 8:14).
A Mesopotamian god whose cult has been allied with the stop of the yield. The weepy for Tammuz is a allusion to the death of the god, which in turn was allied with the undeveloped calendar
20. Tartak (2 Kings 17:31)
The god worshiped by the Avvites, a group of evolution brought to Samaria by the Assyrians at the rear of they conquered the Northern Native land.
21. The Ruler of Fantasy (Jeremiah 7:18).
The name of an undisclosed goddess worshiped by the evolution of Judah in the days of the interpreter Jeremiah (7th and 6th centuries B.C.). The Ruler of Fantasy appears scarcely in the book of Jeremiah (7:18; 44:17, 18, 19, 25). This goddess has been identified with the Mesopotamian goddess Ishtar and with the Canaanite goddess Ashtoreth, further common as Astarte.
In a anticipated post I will dispute in larger than information the lighten of monotheism in Israel.
Coach of Old Tombstone
Northern Baptist University
Tags: Exodus 20:3, Decalogue, Polytheism, Henotheism, Monotheism