By Dr. Christos C. Karydis
Footwear can be described as a basic secular claim and a part of clothing, but in facts for individuals working in this regulation it is not merely a dispensing, but art and oftentimes artistry that requires actual contrived faculty and sight from its creators.
In this rumor we choice reduce in importance to the history, the world and the tradition of the sacred slippers of Saint Dionysios of Zakynthos. This footwear is to be found in a special caste of sacred Traditional clothing that are aligned with sacred leftovers.
The morphological and sumptuous elements celebrated in the study of the background of the slippers of Saint Dionysios of Zakynthos point out the art and sameness of slippers in the Ionian Islands from the 18th century preceding.
SAINT DIONYSIOS - Little CHRONOLOGY
Archbishop Dionysios, in the world exact as Draganigos Sigouros, reposed on 17 December 1622, as evidenced by an strict document of the time. Elementary his leftover was dormant in the Minster of Saint George in Strofades. In the past altered being give to was an exhumation, taking sides the monastic order, and the leftover was found intact. Elementary the monks to be found the sacred leftover in the narthex of the Minster of the Transfiguration of the Savior. Inwards the 5th Venetian-Turkish war for the capture of Crete (1645-1669), the leftover was inspired for fissure warranty to the Minster of the Panagia of Kaliterou (a Metochion of Strofadon Monastery). In the past the war the monks brought the leftover back to the Monastery of Strofadon.
In the late 17th or in advance 18th century, the monks of Strofadon took action for the declaration of the Hierarch Dionysios as a Saint. Patriarch Gabriel of Constantinople, by synodal vow, proclaimed Archbishop Dionysios Sigouros a Saint. The declaration of Saint Dionyios as Humanitarian of Zakynthos, considerably of Panagia of Skopiotissa or Saint John the Portent, was prepared by the Public of Zakynthos in the past 1758 and before 1763, at the same time as the Venetian Senate contracted the vow of the Intendant of Zakynthos, Francisco Manolesou, for the prominence of December 17th as the strict day every go out with.1 Fixed with the other two Ionian Saints (Saint Spyridon and Saint Gerasimos) and other Saints of the Eastern Traditional Minster, bodies of the Saints that are incorrupt are honest until today (fig. 1) with liturgical and decorative fabrics as well as with gaudy slippers.
CATEGORIES OF Traditional ECCLESIASTICAL FABRICS
Traditional ecclesiastical fabrics are alienated concerning three comprehensive categories: liturgical wear, liturgical fabrics and leftover textiles. To these categories give to are in step subcategories depending on the use of fabrics in the context of lionize. Liturgical fabrics (ex. antimension, epitaphios, etc.) are a subcategory of decorative fabrics, such as the secondary parts of spaces in the sanctuary, etc. Liturgical wear, such as the secretarial wrap, the sakos, etc. do not benefit from a subcategory. Holdover textiles, which includes the slippers of the Saint, compensation all the wear and fabrics that dress a sacred leftover or compensation novel parts of the individual as a two dimensional background (Karydis 2010).
The label of leftovers is observed sooner than in the Old Shrine and, according to Saint John of Damascus, it includes the wear of Saints, which were handed down, as Mavroska (2006) says, easier than the reverence of the Jacket and icons. In the West the reverence of leftovers and wear, which are connected, was varied. The assume for this is that the leftover was a real "unrefined" individual of the Saint as the icon was bent nonstop the arbitration of the secular hand.
In the Eastern Traditional Minster the reverence of sacred leftovers and the stuff aligned with them are mentioned in the prominence and label of the martyrdom of the Saint, at the extraordinarily time renewing the candid. The Saint that is martyred for the dream becomes an robot of God and is sacred and give to is an get-up-and-go prepared to duplicate their life. Elementary, as significant by sborne (1985), the label of leftovers are summative with the "martyrdom", which were prominent by the key Christians in the catacombs. The label of sacred leftovers complements the Traditional theology of the reverence of movable icons, making them an natural part in the liturgical life of the Minster.
A Complex Depiction AND THE LITURGICAL USE OF THE SLIPPERS OF SAINT DIONYSIOS
The limit dimensions of the slippers are 25 x 12 cm, and are prepared of crabby red velvet on which are sowed with gold fiber and strident narrative with a supple central part as a substantial bunting with floral motifs and birds. Other era the slippers are prepared by pliant and straightening (fig. 2). The interior of the slipper is wearing a veil with white silk padding. The unmarried of the slipper is prepared of coated cardboard considerably of elephant hide or other food as in the olden days, so the ask to the leftover would be fissure. According to tradition the slippers are prepared by the Consecrated Hermitage of the Most Blessed Theotokos Eleftherotrias in Zakynthos or by a secretarial store in Athens.
Oral tradition shows that further up the ladder slippers (fig. 3) were prepared of load somewhat than background.
The turn around of the slippers of the leftover of the Saint is done on the whole binary a go out with now the two dynamic feasts. The key in a go out with takes place now the festival on Pompous 24th, which commemorates the Edition of the Consecrated Holdover from Strofades to Zakynthos, and the bonus is on December 17th, at the same time as we label the friendship of the Composure of the Blessed Blood relation, which took place in 1622. These two liturgical celebrations at the back three days each (23-26 Pompous and 16-19 December). In beyond being the slippers were equally renewed now Blessed Week.
The leftover of the Saint is split from the silver coffin which is to the ready to go of the sanctuary (fig. 4-5) and to be found vertically in supposition of his room twelve era undamaged in the go out with, which is equally a tradition followed by the other two sacred leftovers of the Ionian Islands, Saint Spyridon and Saint Gerasimos. These days are as follows: 17 December (three days), 25 December (one day), January 6 (one day), Healthy Friday (daybreak) until Pascha Monday (four days), 24 Pompous (three days).
Everyday candid and business label the Saint and bring with them as a vow a twosome of slippers and a barely apron prepared of the extraordinarily unrefined to compensation a small part of the feet of the Saint that is kissed by believers (fig. 6). Plus the candid set aside the abbot the twosome with the apron, which are shy in order of rank and are to be found on the leftover, due to the fact that the supply of candid that play a part in this vow is a touch. Similar to the time comes, in the past a wholesome time has accepted, to remove the slippers, for instance the abbot had to be found the slippers within, he seals one of the slippers and signs it at the nitty-gritty as a sign of naturalness and it is limited back to the donors. This slipper is to be found in a overformal gilded strongbox. The apron and slipper end is cut concerning barely pieces and limited to the candid as gifts and blessings.
Inwards the label of this study it was observed that in the past a supply of being (patronizing than four being), give to is a rebuff oxidation of the metal rigging recycled for decorating the slippers due to the world food, employ and apt highly strung unsophisticated acids (VOCs) emitted in the interior overformal boxes (fig. 7).
"Dr. Christos C. Karydis is Assistant Professor (407/80) of Anticipatory Maintenance and the Archives of Textiles, Specialized Literary Institute of Ionian Islands, Aristotle Scholarly of Thessaloniki."
1 See patronizing on the webpage of the Consecrated Metropolis of Zakynthos and Strofadon.
Karydis 2010: Karydis C., "The Traditional Christian Sakkos. Ecclesiastical Wear out dating to the 15th-20th c. from the Blessed Crest of Athos." Store Stare at, Official Impression ">
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